There is alot of desinformation about the question of Fascism, and the reason is that most people who talk about the issue don't know anything about it. The term is frequently used to define the nationalist and anti-communist european movements, especially those from the first half of the twentieth century.
In fact, the term "fascism" doesn't seem to have an unique explanation, since people use it for whatever they want, be it to catalog nationalist movements or for any aspect of politics which they are against, in a depreciative way.
National Socialism is almost always linked to the fascist movement of the 20s and also considered by many as a "fascist ideology". It is often said that National Socialism is a branch of Mussolini movement, or that somehow it is was influenced by him, or even that it is Fascism with racial principles applied. All these false claims are the result of defamation and speculation.
National Socialism has its origin in Fascism? NO.
Both the Fascist Party (PNF) and the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) were created in the year 1919. Thus, the two movements have emerged around the same time and there is little, if any, contact between them. The reason that there are certain similarities is simply because they were born in an historical context which was fertile for nationalist and anti-communist groups.
While National Socialism arose from the formation of a world view, Fascism emerged as an anti-ideological movement, based only on the post-marxist unionism. It appeared as a system of circumstance, a reaction to the advance communism and anarchism in Italy.
Fascism did not have a concrete doctrine as National Socialism, just a counter-revolutionary plan against the red movements. In his manifesto there was no trace of doctrinal or spiritual inspiration, just political demands such as: the female vote, reorganization of the transport sector, reducing the minimum age for retirement, abolition of the Senate, etc. ... Measures almost nothing revolutionary when compared to the National Socialist movement.
In the year 1922, the March on Rome occurs when thousands of Blackshirt put Mussolini in power. On the 9th of November 1923, the National Socialists try the same thing in Munich and fail, resulting in massive arrests, including Adolf Hitler.
If, in any way, Fascism inspired National Socialism it was on the idea of a coup and the formation of paramilitary forces like the Black Shirts and the SA, ideas that never convinced the people. This does not include the ideological level.
In 1920, Gottfried Feder and Adolf Hitler had already formulated NSDAP 25 points and, in 1925, the book Mein Kampf was published in Germany, while Mussolini had nothing besides a simple nationalist and anti-communist discourse. The achievements of the Fascist Party were merely political and administrative, lacking a doctrine or a complete vision of the world as National Socialism.
Then, in 1932, the word "fascism" appears in the Italian Encyclopedia, in a space of 37 pages filled with photos and illustrations. This was the only attempt of Mussolini, ten years after the rise to power, to include a doctrinal and philosophical aspect in its movement. Although the text is signed by Duce, it is known that it was written almost entirely by Giovanni Gentile. This same text was then published in book form in 1935, ten years after the release of Mein Kampf.
Although Hitler cultivated a sincere friendship with Mussolini for years, in no way he got carried away by his ideas, which were almost only political and economic, while keeping defending a completely new worldview. If Adolf Hitler admired the Duce, it was for leading Italy as the first European country to fight communism, never for his ideas.
It's much more likely that the National Socialist ideology inspired the attempt of Fascism to create a doctrine. Like the Irish Fascists for example who added their ethnic and racial consciousness, and could be easily considered National Socialists.
The fascist philosophy never had any racial character prior to the contact with National Socialism. In fact, the first anti-Zionist fascist currents did not appear until 1938, five years after Hitler came to power and sixteen after Mussolini. The most surprising is that there was a reasonable amount of Jews in the fascist movement, often occupying important positions and even after 1938, very few of these Jews lost their positions in the "Italian" state.
This Fascist state declared that foreign jews with more than 65 years old and that before 1938 had married italians were now considered italians - this is miscegenation that National Socialists tried to prevent. The jews don't assimilate, they create a state inside another and are conserved through parasitism of other people, and therefore can never be regarded as European. Only the exclusive statist and political vision of Fascism and other 'democracies' can accept zionists in their fatherland and call them nationals.
Is it possible to be Fascist and National Socialist? There may be the case in some states that only have one ethnicity, as the island of Ireland, in which there are cases of fascists with racial and ethnic consciousness, but in practice that would be National Socialism and there would not be any mixture as it happens in the Spanish, Portuguese, French or Italian states.
"The state is a means to an end. Its purpose is the preservation and advancement of a community of physically and spiritually homogeneous life-essences."
"The human right nullifies the right of the state"
For National Socialism the state is a means to preserve the race, to improve the man, it is an organic instrument created by man for man. The National Socialist state conception exists only while the people accept it, for it exists for them.
It's the human races that create the culture, values and civilization. The state only preserves and cooperates in its progress. The state is an administrative and political aplication of a number of values developed naturally over time by the people.
“All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.”
For Fascism the State is everything. The state formulates and implements the life of Man. Individual needs are suppressed, while the purpose is ALWAYS the state. The state does not exist for Man, but the Man for the state. The state produces, the state creates the nation and the people.
Fascism never believed in a natural and organic community, it did not have the idea of blood, or even people (folk), it was just a model of political state in an area demarcated by geographic maps.
In this regard, Fascism does not differ much from the current "democracies" that are merely political states without conservation of the race and culture and with no moral or value. As European governments now accept non-European immigrants, the Fascist State also accepted and even regarded them as nationals.
The Fascist conception of the State is, in principle, purely political and administrative. Thus, totally unnatural and therefore anti-National Socialist. Fascist vision of the world is in constant conflict with ours (National Socialist), so there would never be a state that was both Fascist and National Socialist.
It is absolutely impossible to be Fascist and National Socialist at the same time because they are radically opposed ideologies and doctrines on essential points. National Socialism presents a worldview grounded in natural laws and driven by noble ideals where conservation and progress of the Nation is the purpose of life, and through the state, this goal is achieved. As for Fascism the Nation is nothing, the state is everything and people are nothing more than subjects of the government.
We have nothing to do with the fascist movement or 'doctrine'. One National Socialist is exclusively National Socialist.